is a term used to describe either an integration of two
or more therapies or an integration of counselling
techniques or an integration of both therapies and
techniques. Integrative counselling is not tied to any
single therapy since its practitioners take the view
that no one single approach works for every client in
While integrative counselling is usually pragmatic in
content and has no qualms about borrowing useful
concepts, skills or techniques from any source, provided
the application of these benefits the client, this does
not mean the approach is ad hoc or piecemeal in
practice. Each client problem is tackled systemically,
typically in three or more stages, and the counsellor is
obliged to be disciplined and thorough, but still
flexible, in her interactions with client.
An overall structure is essential but is not slavishly
followed since counselling is not a mechanical process.
The therapy must fit the client, not vice versa.
Research indicates that the most probable factors
determining a successful outcome to therapy are the
personal qualities of both therapist and client and the
relationship between them, rather than the particular